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Better protection of human rights and the environment along global supply chainsThe Supply Chain Due Diligence Act will apply from 2023
The Supply Chain Due Diligence Act (LkSG) will enter into force on 1 January 2023. It will see the first comprehensive, worldwide regulation of corporate due diligence obligations with regard to the respect of human rights and the protection of environmental interests. Companies will have to set up effective risk management to identify, avoid and minimise the risk of human rights violations and specific types of environmental degradation. The Act sets out the preventative and remedial measures needed in companies’ own operations and along their supply chains and obliges them to establish a complaints procedure and regular reporting. It will initially apply to companies in Germany with at least 3,000 employees. From 2024, it will also apply to companies with 1,000 employees or more.
Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Hubertus Heilsaid, “Exploitation and forced and child labour are by no means business models for our social market economy. Our economic strength must be built on responsibility – for the seamstresses in Bangladesh who produce clothes for the German market as well as for the miners in the Democratic Republic of the Congo extracting the raw materials needed for mobile phones. The Supply Chain Due Diligence Act means that from 2023 there will no longer be a way around human rights and environmental protection, no matter where in the world Germany-based companies have their production sites. At the same time, the Act is designed in such a way that it will be easy for companies to implement. This is why in the first year, it will only apply to companies with at least 3,000 employees. In addition, we have structured the reporting obligations in a more user-friendly manner so that companies are able to meet their legal requirements well and effectively.”
Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action Robert Habecksaid, “Commercial activity has to function in harmony with human rights and it has to be sustainable. The Supply Chain Due Diligence Act plays an important role in this. The Borna, Saxony, office of the Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control is overseeing the implementation of the Act. The questionnaire for companies that is necessary for its implementation has just been updated again and we will now see how it works in practice.”
Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Svenja Schulzesaid, “By passing this law, Germany has done pioneering work on organising globalisation so it is fairer. People in developing countries often lack ways to assert their rights against international companies and their suppliers. Our legislation helps to correct this imbalance of power by establishing more legal obligations for companies. It will empower, in particular, the many women and children in developing countries who often work under disgraceful conditions in sewing rooms, mines or other risk sectors. The law is also good for the many companies that are already credibly committed to upholding human rights and environmental standards in their supply chains. As it is, sustainable economic activity will pay off in the future.”
Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection, Steffi Lemkesaid, “Since a clean environment was recognised as a basic human right, it has become clear that nature conservation and the protection of human rights must go hand in hand. Environmentally friendly supply chains preserve the very foundations of life. But you can’t tell by looking at a product where the raw materials come from or how much noise, emissions and wastewater are generated during production. The Supply Chain Act makes a product’s ecological footprint more visible and companies’ sustainable practices more transparent. Environmental protection is also in the strategic interest of the private sector. Multinational enterprises in particular cannot turn a blind eye and from now on will have to take more responsibility for how their supply chains affect people and nature worldwide.” In the future, the Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control will monitor and report on whether companies are fulfilling their due diligence obligations annually. It has the authority to require improvements and impose fines.
As an experienced supervisory body, the Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control will be effective and unbureaucratic in its monitoring of the implementation to make the introduction of the law as user-friendly as possible.
1.4 billion employees worldwide work under inhumane conditions. The number of victims of forced labour and slavery is rising significantly. According to recent estimates from the International Labour Organization (ILO), this number is now at 28 million people. In addition, more and more children are being forced to work because their parents’ wages are not sufficient – in the goldmines of Burkina Faso, as textile workers in Bangladesh and on the cocoa plantations in the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire. The situation has further deteriorated due to the COVID-19 pandemic, so that the ILO estimates that there are currently around 160 million children in work. Half of them are younger than twelve years old.
Global environmental problems also largely arise along international supply chains. Depending on the sector, up to 90% of greenhouse gases and air pollution are generated along supply chains and not in the business operations of multinational companies themselves. For example, land and water consumption in the food and textiles industries occurs almost entirely at the level of the supplier.